An important field in current historiography has been devoted to mapping the multiple dimensions of 1968. Work in this field is predominantly concerned with the factual events that took place in various countries during that remarkable year. Although such inquiries are important, they neglect issues that go beyond factually oriented perspective. The central issue for those participating in the social movements of 1968 was the rise of emancipatory visions, which went beyond intellectual circles, into broader spheres of politics and culture. Our conference will tackle following questions: What intellectual impulses led to the emancipatory ferment of that era? What sorts of emancipatory visions were the order of the day in Czechoslovakia, France, Italy, or USA? How were these visions received and passed onward? And last but not least, how should be approach the intellectual and emancipatory legacy of 1968 today?